last of the big Hungarian polyhistors, Herman Ottó was chosen for
the eponymous of our organisation, who was born in Breznóbánya in
26. June 1835. His father was amateur naturalist, bird-watcher, and
professional surgeon. Inspired by his father example, he grew to like
the nature and started studing birds, collected eggs, learned the
preparation of animals.
He was the child of a german family, and he started speaking Hungarian,
when he was eight years old and became Magyarized at the evangelic
main secondary school. After the secondary school he went to Vienna
to study, where he finished his studies in 1853. He usually went to
the Museum of Natural Science, where he based his knowledge on insects.
The Museum of Transylvania applied him as a preparator in 1864. The
Society of Natural History attracted the attention of the work of
Herman Ottó, so they charged him with a commission to research the
spider fauna of Hungary. In 1857 he became a guard assistant in the
National Museum, where he based the scientific review called "Note-books
of Natural History". His interest for ethnography unfolded during
the writting of the Hungarian Fishing, when he studied the folk naming
of Fishes, and his most lasting works were done that time. He almost
wanted to save the folk traditions, and material remains of the fishing
and shepherding. He based the fishing gallery of the Hungarian Ethnographical
Museum, with his collecting work.
the course of his work he had been in Túrkeve several times between
1894 and 1900, as it is written in the book of Finta Sándor. Most
of the things of the Hungarian pastoral life were collected here.
During his researches in this region, he had found Phyllitis scolopendrium
in a well in Ecsegpuszta, near Kiritó. Ha founded the Hungarian Ornithological
Center in Budapest, in 1893, which is the ancestor of the Ornithological
Institute. The starting of the researches on the Hungarian cavemans,
is linked with his name.
Herman Ottó died in Budapest, in 27. December 1914, after a long sickness.
He was one of the founders of the Hungarian bird protection and scientific
thinking. His manifold pioneering work stayed up in 14 books, 1140
articles and studies.
to our judgement the workmen of Herman Ottó set up a proud example
to the activity of the organisation, by the way that he showed the
living creatures, the landscape and that we should protect people
too, with its tradtitions and habits. The activity of the organisation
serve that aim